Rastriya Janamukti Party and New Dynamic Nepal
Nepal is multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multi-cultural and multi-lingual state. Even so far, the majority of Nepalese people have not yet any realization of the meaningful changes to the political, social, economic, religious and cultural sectors except the mere change of governments. That is the case because of the marginalization and exclusion of the people in majority by a manipulated state structure which has prevented a large number of people such as Indigenous Nationalities, Dalits, Minorities as well as Backwarded Communities, and Women of various casts and the Oppressed partiicipating in the making of state policy or coming to the mainstream of state politics. Although the Constitutions and Acts promulgated by the hitherto political changes are supposed to put an end to any kind of discrimination, there are, in practice, still exploitation, suppression and discrimination on the ground of ethnicity, caste, gender, region and religion.
So, adhering to Janamukti Thought as directive principle; guaranteeing the proportional representation on the basis of each ethnic population at the political decision making level, and federalism accommodating the ethnic identities ; conforming to a main slogan- Ethnic based proportional representation and federal government: the base of national integration, long-lasting peace and sustainable development; reiterating the commitment towards putting an end to discrimination in any form and of any kind on the ground of whatsoever and expressing determination to manage constitutionally or legally for them about education, employment, services and reservation in the governmental/non-governmental sectors and industrial businesses, Rastriya Janmukti Party has aimed at establishing Multi-Ethnic Democratic Socialism in the state framework of Federal Democratic Republic Nepal.
- The Objectives :
To provide proportional representation and the rights in the political sectors of the country to all ethnicities and communities in the percentage of their population; in such a basis to provide reservation in education, Governmental and Non Governmental services, employment, industry and trade as well as giving them ethnic emancipation to make all Indigenous Nationalities, Dalit, Oppressed, the women of various casts, Back warded, Minorities, Marginalized, Muslims and Madheshi Community politically and economically competent.
To transfer, upon the theory of decentralization, the state-power into federal structure under which there shall geographically, on the basis of ethnic historicity, culture and language, be formed Autonomy States which may, if possible, consist of majority of one single ethnic community and making Local Autonomy Government under Federal Government (Central Government) besides foreign affairs, currency, military, security, communication and transportation as well as the great industries & trade belong to national interest to provide all responsibilities of development, building and administration to the related Autonomy Government.
- To make sure the secularism and state policy respecting all religions on an equal footing.
- To protect and promoting all religion, language and culture equal and educate them in their own mother language.
- To make reforms to land and industrialize the country for the economic development on the concept of Democratic Socialism for the economic development.
2. The Political Commitments of Rastriya Janamukti Party
1. Ethnic Proportional Representation and Reservation
Rastriya Janmukti Party shall make politically and economically competent Indigenous Nationalities, Madhesi, Dalits, Muslims, Women of various casts along with the marginalized, backwarded and minority communities, by guaranteeing Ethnic Emancipation (Proportional representation of ethnic communities at decision making level); by providing constitutionally them with an access to services, employments of government and nongovernment sectors. Reservation regarding services, opportunities and employments, shall constitutionally and legitimate way be made for the disadvantaged groups and those communities who have for centuries been repressed.
2. Federal Government (Central Government) and Autonomous Government
The federal Government shall exercise the rights relating to foreign affairs, trade and commercial accord, national security, currecny, transportation, declaration of war and peace and industries and trade with national interest whereas all the rights, except as provided for the federal government, shall be conferred to state government such as political, economic and cultural affairs along with administration, construction and development.
3. The formation and Rights of Autonomous States
The formation of autonomy state shall be made on the basis of geographical concept upon the theory of decentralization which takes into account the ethnic historicity, culture and language while making the formation of the autonomous states in such a way that a state might, if possible, consists of majority of one single ethnic community.
The constitution and acts of federal government shall not interfere with the statutes, acts and directives along with administration, construction and development of state government except for the affairs related to the national interests.
4. Interrelationship of State Government
Each state government shall, for its interest, make accords, agreements, contracts and special relation with another. However, the endorsement of such provisions by state governments shall be authenticated by federal government. If federal government is not to endorse them, there shall be held referendum upon the issues in the concerned state. The federal government shall be bound to make an endorsement to the issues favoured by the majority in the referendum held in the state concerned.
The economic policy of Rastriya Janamukti Party shall be guided by the theory of competitive economic system on the basis of Democratic Socialism so that the distribution and mobilization of national economy and capitals belong to all levels of society with a view to preventing the capitals from being funneled to only the hands of individuals and town alone.
6. Industrial policy
As a state main resource, modern industrialization will remain the Party’s principal objective. Initially the Central Federal Government and the Autonomy States shall provide priority and roof for the agricultural industries yielding secvices and employments. Initially the Central Federal Government and the Autonomy States shall provide priority and roof for the agricultural industries involving the local industries to each other in a healthy competition shall be formulated providing them with an access to international markets. An export based industries are highly encouraged.
7. Water Resource and Hydropower
Mega-hydropower Projects shall be constructed and operated provided that there is the guarantee of the foreign purchasers. If not, medium and micro- hydropower enough for national need shall be prioritized.
The management of cable cars for passengers and the rope ways for carrying goods shall basically be made throughout the country. Each hilly headquarters and the highly populated area shall be installed with cable cars and Terai region with the means of transportation such as trolley, bus, tram, locomotive rail etc. conducted by electricity shall be prioritized.
Since Nepal is undoubtedly a one of the finest tourist destinations in the world, significant, religious, historical and other important places shall be provided more priorities for the tourist attraction. Tourists shall be encouraged to visit not only in geographical sphere but also in traditional and bio-cultural sphere of the state as well.
Education shall be managed in all languages to the maximum extent possible. The government shall as well provide economic assistance to those who want to learn in their own languages. The education upto high level of Government School shall be given free of cost prioritizing the technical education as well as the country and time being. The states governments shall establish departments and sectors for the development of education in various languages. Curriculums and quality level of both Government and Non Government educational institutions shall be maintained same and equal on the basis of required standard.
By establishing health post in each VDC and modern hospitals consisting of at least 150 bedrooms at the area of population of each 50 thousand people, all Nepalese people falling below the poverty line shall be provided with medical treatment free of cost. The promotions and incentives as well as the education facilities to the doctors shall be based on their services in the remote backward rural areas.
The mountainous region shall be declared as production region of cheese and wool based on the livestock of sheep and Yaks; the hilly region as the production region of milk, meat, fruits and vegetables based on the livestock of cows, buffaloes, pigs and goats, vegetation of tea, coffee, gingers, orange, apples, cardamom etc. and the Terai as the region of granary. As such, both federal government and state government shall, on the basis of utility, classify the lands, according to which agricultural business shall be encouraged.
13. Judicial Service
The legal consultants free of cost shall be provided to the women and the economically destitute. The justice shall be done within six months in the cases of juveniles, women, the mentally retarded, the physically handicapped and the people above 70, in free and fair manners. The victims acquitted of guilt and accusation by court shall be compensated for the jail period spent by him/her for no reason. No interference of state authority of any level shall be guaranteed for the sake of impartiality and credibility of judicial system.
14. Regarding Citizenship
Federal government shall confer the certificate of citizenship to the Nepalese citizens and the state they live in provide them with identity card. But the foreign people living in Nepal shall be given ID card for multipurpose use.
The person committing corruption shall be deemed as the person committing treason and punished the same way as how a person of treason should be.
16. Foreign Policy
Keeping into the centre the national interest of Nepal, foreign policy shall be determined in accordance with the UN Charter, International Laws and norms and values of world peace. ID cards shall be given to the people of neighbour countries bordering with Nepal for traveling to the country.
17. Treaty and Agreement
The treaty and agreement with the friendly countries which are based on the principle of equality and national interest of Nepal shall be retained and maintained, but the treaty and agreement deemed against Nepalese interest shall at times be amended and abrogated.
18. The Landless
Unregistered lands shall be provided to the people who are landless for settlement. For the first phase of settlement, one person from each family of the landless shall compulsorily be employed by state.
19. Workers and Labours
Registering the workers who have completed the minimum training in any industries as permanent workers of the industries, government shall provide them with lodging, medical treatment, education for their children free of cost along the insurance, pension and compensation.
Department for Ex-army Service and Foreign Employment Service shall be founded for the interest and protection of those who have gone abroad to serve, according to the tripartite agreement, as army and police and labour for employment. The work permit shall be issued to those who come to Nepal to work.
Upon the maintaining Federal Democratic Republic Nepal as secular state, all religions in practice shall be treated and protected at the equal footing.
22. Election Commission
Election Commission shall be independently formed for holding the periodical election in federal, autonomous and local bodies on the basis of adult franchise.
23. Special Provision
Each and every person below poverty line and the disabled, the destitute, beggars etc. shall be given education, medical treatment, residence and humanitarian assistance. Bringing drastic change to the current jail system, it shall be transformed from torture house to correctional house.
3. The Thought in short :
- About the Inter Conflict and Contradiction :
The theory that there is always contradiction and conflict between two opposite things does not applies to only the two classes to be determined by Have and Have-not, but also applicable to the other cases having the opposite characteristics such as among the different people with different cultures, religions, identities etc. It seems that ethnic contradiction and conflict are taking place in African continent and religion ones in the Middle East or Midwest of Asia. That is because the power holders of state have repressed and marginalized others from different ethnic communities. Following the rapid development of peoples’ awareness, such repression as in past is not to linger longer. People in the world are demanding that political rights should be established in addition to their cultural and social rights. Today, the people deprived of rights don’t want to remain at the place where rights are asked for, but reach the place from where the rights are dispensed.
For centuries, the state power of Nepal has been racist, that is, Manuism. In Nepal, there is not the politics of democracy, but the politics of caste. However, Nepal is set on the way to peoples’ awareness. The marginalized and the neglected ones have economically, culturally and politically started to rise up. Since there is one single ethnic community’s dominance in the state power, people are realizing that the only country they are living in belong to them, but the state is not their own.
Major contradiction regarding in Nepal is ethnic contradiction. By origin, ethnicity is older than class. The origin of state is and will be out of ethnicity. So, without the solution to ethnic problem, no other solution can be found to class problem. In Nepal, ethnic contradiction and class contradiction should not view at equal footing. In nutshell, ethnic emancipation is the state of the overall emancipation of ethnic communities or that state where they each have become a nation, being emancipated from social and political restraint.
2. Solve :
The way to put an end to contradiction and conflict among ethnic communities is nothing but to equal rights for them. For it :
3. Let and Let Live
The political system with proportional representation on the basis of percentage of each ethnic population at the decision making level, can pursue the idea- live and let live. But, so far in Nepal, the formation of governance and rule has it that winners get all. However, our party’s theory of proportional representation states that the winners get their own share according to their proportion of their population. Indeed, the Principle of Ethnic Proportional Representation is the national contract among ethnic communities.
4. The full-fledged Federalism
It is an another part of solution to ethnic contradiction and conflict. The Autonomy States should be formed on the basis of region, ethnic historicity, language and culture from what all ethnic communities can realize the self ownership in the state.
5. Short History of Party
This party was born on 2047 B.S., Baisakh 23, in Kathmandu (Nepal) bearing a name-Nepal Rastriya Janamukti Morcha. By this name, the party had participated in the general election for parliament in 2048 B.S., with an electoral symbol- Man. Immediately after the election, on 6 Marg, 2048 B.S., this party enjoyed the unification with a party named Nepal Jan Party, having new name as Rastriaya Janamukti Party. In the Midterm Election in 2051 B.S., General Election in 2056 B.S. and the Election for Constituent Assembly, this party has participated with the electoral symbol- House.
During the time of 22 years since its inception, it has successfully concluded its General Conventions four times- the first convention in Kathmandu, Jesth, 2053 B.S. the second in Rupandehi, Margasir, 2056 B.S., the third in Lalitpur, Phalgun, 2062 B.S. and the forth in Nawalparsi, Phalgun, 2067 B.S. This party has, with a system of collective leadership and cadres, been proceeding forward to establish Multinational Democratic Socialism guided by Janamukti Thought as the directive principle.
6. Organizational Structure of Party
The General Convention of the party is its supreme body and next to it is National Conference. The General Convention shall take place once in five years but the National conference annually. National Council (Central Committee) is a body of organization elected by the General Convention. In central level, National Council is an executive body having Standing Committee. The Federal House is other permanent central body which is formed with the members nominated by National Council. Under the Central Body of Party, there shall be State Council, District Executive Committee, Election Region Committee, Ilaka (Area) Committee, City and VDC Committee as well the Ward Committee.
7. The Sister Organizations of this Party are :
The Sister Organizations of the Party are called Jana Sangathan (Peoples’ Organization). These organizations are as Rastriaya Yuva Morcha (Youths’), Nepal Bidhyarthi Morcha (Students’), Rastriaya Mahila Morcha (Females’), Rastriya Bhu.Pu.Sainik Sangathan (retired armies’), Rastriya Majdoor Morcha (workers’ & employees’), Rastriya Kisan Morcha (peasants’), Aadibasi Janajati Morcha (Indigenous Nationalities’), Rastriya Dalit Morcha (schedule casts’), Rastriya Muslim Morcha (Muslims’), Rastriya Bhumihin-Sukumbasi Morcha (landless). Besides, Rastriya Yatayat Byabasaayee Parisad (transport enterpreneurs’), Rastriya Shikshak Parishad (teachers’), Rastriya Karmachari Sangathan (related beurocrates’), Rastriya Khelkud Sangathan (players’), Ratriya Patrakar Parisad (journalists’), Rastriya Buddhijibi Parisad (intellectuals’), Bahujatiya Sanskritik Morcha (singers’/dancers’) are such organizations which are intimate through thought of the Party.
It so happened that Nepal has, for centuries, been under the unitary government based on a single ethnic community, language, religion and culture. In such a one sided, unitary and discriminatory state where the characteristic of Nepal is multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural, it wasn’t and isn’t possible to bring the national integrity, the long-lasting peace and sustainable development. There is no relevance of politics of competition and class, either. To eliminate such unitary and discriminatory system of state by establishing the political system with ethnic proportional representation, Rastriya Janamukti Party has, since 2047 B.S., been perennially moving ahead, resorting to democratic and peaceful means. The door of Rastriya Janamukti Party is always open for all those Nepalese-all ethnicities, ethnic communities, class, gender, region who want total change, Nepal with zero corruption and to establish Multi-Ethnic Democratic Socialism in Nepal.